Coconut sugar also known as coco sugar, coconut palm sugar or coco sap sugar is a sugar produced from the sap of cut flower buds of the coconut palm. Coconut sugar consists primarily of sucrose(containing glucose and fructose). The major component of coconut sugar is sucrose (70–79%) followed by glucose and fructose (3–9%) each.
Coconut sugar has a high mineral content, being a rich source of potassium, magnesium, zinc, andiron. In addition to this it contains Vitamin B1, B2, B3, and B6. When compared to brown sugar, coconut sugar has 18 times the potassium, 30 times the phosphorus and over 10 times the amount of zinc. The large amounts of K and P can explained by the way coconut sugar is tapped from the inflorescences of the tree.
The coconut sap, from which coconut sugar is derived, contains 16 amino acids. The amino acid which has the highest content in coconut sap is Glutamine.
It provides the same number of calories and carbohydrates as regular cane sugar (about 15 calories and four grams of carbohydrate per teaspoon) so you wouldn't be gaining any advantage in these respects by making a switch. However, coconut sugar is 70 to 79 percent sucrose and only three percent to nine percent each of fructose and glucose. This is an advantage, because you want to keep your consumption of fructose as low as possible, and cane sugar is 50 percent fructose. Coconut sugar is caramel colored with a taste that is similar to that of brown sugar and can be substituted for cane sugar in most recipes.
Coconut sugar comes with a higher price tag than granulated sugar but offers the same number of carbohydrates and calories.